Tips and Tricks: Ingredient Substitutes

Have you ever been half way through a recipe and realised that you are missing a crucial ingredient.

Here’s a great list of common ingredient substitutes.

Allspice – 1 tsp
1/2 tsp cinnamon plus 1/2 tsp ground cloves.

Baking Powder – 1 tsp
1/3 tsp baking soda plus 1/2 tsp cream of tartar or
1/4 tsp baking soda plus 1/2 cup yogurt or buttermilk (decrease liquid in recipe by 1/2 cup)

Bread Crumbs (Dry) – 1 cup
3 slices of bread, crumbled.

Butter – 1 cup
1 cup of regular margarine or
1 cup of vegetable shortening (for baking) or
1 cup of oil (but only if melted butter is called for)

Buttermilk – 1 cup
1 tbsp of lemon juice or vinegar plus enough regular milk to make 1 cup (let sit for 5 minutes)

Cream – 1 cup
7/8th of a cup of whole milk plus 1/2 tbsp of butter or
3 tbsp of oil, plus enough milk for 1 cup or
1 cup of evaporated milk

Cocoa – 1/4 cup
30g chocolate (decrease butter/oil in recipe by 1/2 a tbsp)

Condensed Milk – 1 cup
Heat 1/3 cup of evaporated milk, 3/4 cup of sugar, and 2 tbsp of butter until dissolved.

Cornflour (for thickening) – 1 tbsp
2 tbsp of flour (must cook for at least 3 minutes longer to thicken)

Egg – 1 whole egg
2 tbsp of mayonnaise (for baking batters only)

Flour (All-Purpose) – 1 cup
1/2 cup whole wheat flour plus 1/2 cup of all purpose flour (don’t substitute more than 1/2 the flour)
The following alternatives require more leavening, so add 2 1/2 tsp of baking powder per cup of flour. Also recommended, use buttermilk and 1/2 a tsp of baking soda instead of milk to decrease heaviness.
3/4 cup rice flour or
1 1/2 cups of oat flour or
1 1/4 cups of rye flour or
5/8 cup of potato starch flour or
1 cup rolled oats or
1 cup fine cornmeal

Honey: – 1 cup
1 1/4 cups granulated sugar plus 1/4 cup water.

Milk, 1 cup
1/2 cup evaporated milk plus 1/2 cup water

Sour cream,  1 cup
1 cup plain yogurt

Sugar (White) – 1 cup
1 cup of firmly packed brown sugar or
3/4 cup maple syrup (reduce liquid in recipe by 3 tbsp)

Whole Milk – 1 cup
1 cup buttermilk plus 1/2 tsp of baking soda (if baking, reduce baking powder by 2 tps)

Plain Yogurt – 1 cup
1 cup buttermilk or
1 cup cottage cheese (blended smooth) or
1 cup sour cream

The images above are simply for inspiration sourced from pinterest.

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